The woman in the painting is a figure of the Catholic Church. She holds the Keys of the Kingdom and the Holy Scriptures while displaying the Holy Eucharist for the faithful, who are in the lower right of the painting. The Holy Ghost, in the form of a dove, watches over and guides the Church from the top of the image. The angel on the left holds a banner that says in finem dilexit eos, which is Latin for He loved them unto the end (taken from John 13:1).
Artwork by E. Murillo